Testing Integrity of Metals

Researchers at the University of Waterloo have found a better way to identify atomic structures, an essential step in improving materials selection in the construction industry among others. The findings of the study could result in greater confidence when determining the integrity of metals. Devinder Kumar, a PhD candidate in systems design engineering at Waterloo, collaborated with the Fritz Haber Institute (FHI) in Berlin, to develop a powerful AI model that can accurately detect different atomic structures in metallic materials. The system can find imperfections in the metal that were previously undetectable.

FHI came up with a new scenario that can artificially create data which relates to the real world. Kumar along with his collaborators was able to use this to generate about 80,000 images of the different kind of defects and displacements to produce a very effective AI model to identify various types of crystal structures in practical scenarios. This data has been released to the public so people can actually learn their own algorithms. In theory, all metallic materials have perfect symmetry, and all the items are in the correct place, but in practice because of various reasons such as cheap manufacturing there are defects. All these current methods fail when they try to match actual ideal structures, most of them fail when there is even one per cent defect. Thus, they have made an AI-based algorithm or model that can classify these kinds of symmetries even up to 40 per cent of defect.

Story Source: University of Waterloo via Science Daily